There is a cosmological premise in Hinduism and Buddhism, which also existed in a non-cyclical, linear form in Ancient Greek belief and which similarly exists in a linear, progressive form, in the spiritual practices of some Native American groups, particularly, the Hopi in the Southwestern US and of the Maya in Mesoamerica.
In the ancient Vedic system, it is believed that there are cycles of time, corresponding to virtue, lifespan and stature. These beliefs correspond in a fragmentary way to modern speculations about pre-Adamic man.
The Bible refers to a Great Flood and the destruction of most life, except that which was saved by Noah. The Hindus have their own version of Noah, called Manu. The Hopi and the Maya also believe that the last epoch ended in a Great Deluge.
However, where the Bible and the Native Americans see these events in a linear progression, the Vedic traditions see this last cycle of destruction as part of a vast cyclical continuum, which repeats infinitely.
There are 4 ages or yugas, which endlessly repeat: 1) The Satya Yuga (aka the Golden Age); 2) Treta Yuga (aka the Silver Age); 3) Dwapara Yuga (aka the Bronze Age) and 4) The Kali Yuga (aka the Iron Age).
During the Satya Yuga, people are said to be over 30 feet tall, they’re totally virtuous and wise and their lifespans are of 100,000 years. With each succeeding age, both the people and the environment become increasingly corrupt and less beautiful, their lifespans and statures shortened.
This short video gives a brief description of each yuga.