May 31, 2014
This is an elegant animation created by Spanish CGI artist, Cristobal Vila.
In the Fibonacci sequence, each succeeding number is the sum of the previous two.
The Fibonacci sequence is named after the Medieval mathematician from Pisa, Italy, Leonardo Bigollo (c. 1170-c. 1250), whose nickname was “Fibonacci” which means “son of a simpleton.”
Fibonacci is best known to the modern world for the spreading of the Hindu-Arabic numeral system in Europe, primarily through his book, ‘Liber Abaci’ (‘Book of Calculation’), published in 1202. He’s also known for the number sequence, which was named after him, although he did not discover it but merely used it, as an example in the ‘Liber Abaci’.
He apparently learned about this numeral system that is universally in use today because his father was a merchant who traveled often to Algeria, in North Africa. As a child traveling with his father, he instantly recognized how much better this
numeral system was than the Roman one. He later traveled all over the Arab world, to learn more and then returned to Pisa at the age of 32, to write his seminal book.
Modern applications include computer algorithms, such as the Fibonacci search technique and the Fibonacci heap data structure, and graphs called Fibonacci cubes used for interconnecting parallel and distributed systems but the sequence is more popularly known for its marked appearance in biology, such as formation of shells in snails, a ram’s horns, the branching in trees, the arrangement of leaves on a stem, the fruit sprouts of a pineapple, the flowering of an artichoke, an uncurling fern, the arrangement of a pine cone and of pollen in a daisy, etc.
Music by Wim Mertens.
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